UFS111 - 3rd Reflection


Machu Pichu are divided into two main section known as the Urban and Agriculture sectors, it was divided by a wall. Invisible from below and completely self-contained. Surrounded by agriculture terrace sufficient to feed the population, and watered by natural spring. There is are palaces, baths, temples, storage room, and some houses, all in the remarkable state of preservation. Meanwhile the Chichen Itza, some of the building are the temples and ball courts. This temples built as a step pyramid with steps on all four sides leading to the flat top where a temple building was constructed. In Chichen Itza, each of the structures has a name of its own. The Chichen Itza was built out of nature and stones of the cemetry, and the building was made out limestone, molder and lumber. It was completely made by hand. They did not use the wheel. People in Machu Pichu believes in spirits of a special stones. It opens the vision to the spirit world those who touches their forehead to the stone especially to sensitive person. The stone which called Intihuatana stones were the supremely sacred objects of the Incha people and were systematically searched for and was destroy by the Spaniards. When the stones was broken, the Inca believed that the deities of the place died or departed. While the people in Chichen Itza, the only sources of water as the natural sinkholes called cenotes. The cenote was also considered by the Maya to be entrance to the underworld and it is believed that the sacrificial victims were venerating Chac Mool by entering the underworld. The one constant was the Cenote of Sacrifices. It was maintained as a scared site and those dedicated to the gods would continue the sacrifices and prayers at the cenote. Both of this place was known as the lost world. But, it also known as the forgotten. Both has their own belief, but different ways. Chichen Itza has Great Ball Court. The ball court has no vault, no discontinuity between the walls and its totally open to the sky, which for probably used for rituals on the days when the sacred game were played. Around 1438, however, the Inca emperor Virachoca and his son was defeated by a powerful rival, the Chankas. From this time, the empire building era of the Inca began. Country to popular belief, the Maya were not an empire but the collection of autonomous city-states in frequent communication which other city-states in their region.

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